The purpose of this initiative is to stimulate research utilizing Mobile Health (mHealth) tools aimed at the improvement of effective patient provider communication, adherence to treatment and self-management of chronic diseases in underserved populations. With the rapid expansion of cellular networks and substantial advancements in Smartphone technologies, it is now possible - and affordable - to transmit patient data digitally from remote areas to specialists in urban areas, receive real-time feedback, and capture that consultation in a database. These mHealth tools, therefore, may facilitate more timely and effective patient-provider communication through education communication around goal setting, treatment reminders, feedback on patient progress and may improve health outcomes. This announcement encourages the development, testing and comparative effective analysis of interventions utilizing mHealth technologies for individuals with chronic diseases including underserved populations.
The mission of the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) is to promote and improve the health of individuals, families, communities, and populations. NINR supports and conducts clinical and basic research and research training on health and illness across the lifespan to build the scientific foundation for clinical practice, prevent disease and disability, manage and eliminate symptoms caused by illness, and improve palliative and end-of-life care. The NINR strategic plan and science priorities can be found at: https://www.ninr.nih.gov/sites/files/docs/ninr-strategic-plan-2011.pdf. The mission of the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) is to improve health by leading the development and accelerating the application of biomedical technologies. NIBIB is committed to integrating engineering with the physical and life sciences to advance basic research and medical care. One way that this is achieved is through the support of research and development of new biomedical imaging and bioengineering tools and technologies to improve the prevention, detection, treatment, and monitoring of disease. NIBIB scientific program areas that are appropriate for this funding opportunity can be found at: http://www.nibib.nih.gov/Research/ProgramAreas. NIBIB supports research from early stage technology development through first-in-human demonstrations and/or early feasibility clinical studies. For NINR, this program encourages research for individuals with chronic diseases. Research topics include:
- Develop, test, and compare effective strategies that incorporate mHealth tools to improve patient-provider communications;
- Develop, test, and compare mHealth tools for improved adherence to treatment;
- Develop, test and compare mHealth tools for effective self-management;
- Develop, test, and/or compare technologies that incorporate interventions for adherence and self-management strategies;
- Develop, test, and/or compare mHealth technologies or tools in underserved populations
For NIBIB, research topics include:
- Develop and test integrated, portable imaging technologies for monitoring health and as part of point-of-care diagnosis and treatment;
- Develop and test tools to enhance the visualization and psychophysical understanding of complicated health information on mobile devices with the local cultural context;
- Develop and test decision support systems to provide guidance and a framework for shared decision-making with medical professionals based on best available evidence;
- Develop and test networked, citizen-driven approaches to engaging and retaining people in improving their health;
- Develop technology that incorporates telemetry and remote access in the acquisition, analysis and monitoring of biomedical data;
- Develop software and hardware tools for telehealth technology and studies that have broad applications or are in specific focus areas.
Applicants requesting $500,000 or more in direct costs in any year (excluding consortium F&A) must contact NIH program staff (https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-14-180.html#_Section_VII._Agency) at least 6 weeks before submitting the application and follow the Policy on the Acceptance for Review of Unsolicited Applications that Request $500,000 or More in Direct Costs as described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.